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Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms

Every Testable (Infinite) Property of Bounded-Degree Graphs Contains an Infinite Hyperfinite Subproperty

Abstract

One of the most fundamental questions in graph property testing is to characterize the combinatorial structure of properties that are testable with a constant number of queries. We work towards an answer to this question for the bounded-degree graph model introduced in [GR02], where the input graphs have maximum degree bounded by a constant d. In this model, it is known (among other results) that every hyperfinite property is constant-query testable [NS13], where, informally, a graph property is hyperfinite, if for every δ > 0 every graph in the property can be partitioned into small connected components by removing δn edges.
In this paper we show that hyperfiniteness plays a role in every testable property, i.e. we show that every testable property is either finite (which trivially implies hyperfiniteness and testability) or contains an infinite hyperfinite subproperty. A simple consequence of our result is that no infinite graph property that only consists of expander graphs is constant-query testable.
Based on the above findings, one could ask if every infinite testable non-hyperfinite property might contain an infinite family of expander (or near-expander) graphs. We show that this is not true. Motivated by our counterexample we develop a theorem that shows that we can partition the set of vertices of every bounded degree graph into a constant number of subsets and a separator set, such that the separator set is small and the distribution of k-discs on every subset of a partition class, is roughly the same as that of the partition class if the subset has small expansion.

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cover image Proceedings
Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
Pages: 714 - 726
Editor: Timothy M. Chan, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
ISBN (Online): 978-1-61197-548-2

History

Published online: 2 January 2019

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First and third author acknowledge the support by ERC grant No. 307696.

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