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2021 Proceedings of the Workshop on Algorithm Engineering and Experiments (ALENEX)

Fast, Exact and Scalable Dynamic Ridesharing

Abstract

We study the problem of servicing a set of ride requests by dispatching a set of shared vehicles, which is faced by ridesharing companies such as Uber and Lyft. Solving this problem at a large scale might be crucial in the future for effectively using large fleets of autonomous vehicles. Since finding a solution for the entire set of requests that minimizes the total driving time is NP-complete, most practical approaches process the requests one by one. Each request is inserted into any vehicle's route such that the increase in driving time is minimized. Although this variant is solvable in polynomial time, it still takes considerable time in current implementations, even when inexact filtering heuristics are used. In this work, we present a novel algorithm for finding best insertions, based on (customizable) contraction hierarchies with local buckets. Our algorithm finds provably exact solutions, is still 30 times faster than a state-of-the-art algorithm currently used in industry and academia, and scales much better. When used within iterative transport simulations, our algorithm decreases the simulation time for largescale scenarios with many requests from days to hours.

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cover image Proceedings
2021 Proceedings of the Workshop on Algorithm Engineering and Experiments (ALENEX)
Pages: 98 - 112
Editors: Farach-Colton Martin and Storandt Sabine
ISBN (Online): 978-1-61197-647-2

History

Published online: 7 January 2021

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This work was funded by Robert Bosch GmbH, Corporate Sector Research and Advance Engineering.

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